Have you watch the movie ‘I, robot’? Are you scared by the level of intelligence the robots are expected to have in a few years time?
Artificial intelligence robotics is expected to have self consciousness in the next decade. With expected developments, artificial intelligence robotics will be able to take their own decisions and help humans with extreme activities where it is dangerous for humans to perform.
Whenever we hear ‘artificial intelligence robotics’ it is the humanoid robots that comes to our mind. But the field of artificial intelligence robotics is far wider than that. Instead of exploring the width and the depth of artificial intelligence robotics, let’s have a look at the components of artificial intelligence robotics.
When it comes to the structure, almost all the parts of the artificial intelligence robotics is made of mechanical, or in other words, kinematic chains with a lot of electrical motors. These mechanical parts are precisely controlled by a central processing system which includes a computer with some degree of artificial intelligence.
Power is an essential factor for artificial intelligence robotics to carry out their tasks. The most common power source is lead-acid batteries used by the current artificial intelligence robotics. In addition to this, there are alternative power sources such as compressed air containers, organic garbage (still in research), and radio active source. Although nuclear energy is an outstanding source of power, artificial intelligence robotics is too small and risky to contain nuclear energy.
When the motion and movements are considered, actuators are the main stakeholders. Actuators in artificial intelligence robotics do the same thing the muscles do in the human body. They convert the stored energy into movements. The central commanding unit controls each actuator for precisely measures movements. Among the modern actuators, motors, stepped motors, piezo motors, ultrasonic motors, air muscles, electronic polymers, and elastic nanotubes are the mostly used types.
For artificial intelligence robotics to be self aware (up to a certain degree), sensing is an important ability. Today’s artificial intelligence robotics is able to sense touch, vision, and sound for getting directions and for responding. Although these senses need to be improved significantly for better use, they already have been used in important projects to achieve successful results.
Locomotion is vital for artificial intelligence robotics as they are required to move to different locations for fulfilling their duties. Rolling, walking, flying, snaking, skating, swimming, and climbing are some of the existing ways of artificial intelligence robotics locomotion.